Introduction

Introduction to Psychology – In a philosophical context, Psychology was founded thousands of years ago in Greece, Egypt, India, Persia and China. In 1879, Wilhelm Wundt in Leipzig, Germany founded the first laboratory of psychology and carried out psychological research.

Ethical issues in Psychological Research

                             Ethical Issues in Psychological Research Ethics states the correct rules of conduct necessary when carrying out research. Some of the ethical issues that researcher needs to follow are: 1. Deception: It is temporary withholding of information about a study from participants. The researcher should neglect misleading subjects about the nature of the research unless there is no substitute-and even then this would need to be judged, acceptable by an independent expert. 2. Informed Consent: A principle requiring that research participants be provided with information about all events and procedures a study will involve before they agree to participate in it. Participating must be given information relating to: Participation of subject is voluntary and that refusal to participate will not result in any consequences or any loss of benefits that the person is otherwise entitled to… Read More »Ethical issues in Psychological Research

Research Methods in Psychology

  Research methods in Psychology Research methodology: It is the definite method or techniques used to recognize, select, process, and examine information about a topic.  In a research paper, the methodology segment allows the reader to critically evaluate a study’s overall validity and reliability. Observation: One basic technique for studying behavior – or any other aspect of the world-involves carefully observing it as it occurs. It is one method for collecting research data. It involves observing a participant and recording significant behavior for later analysis. They do this because they wish to make careful observations of the physical events that occur as tornadoes actually take shape. Researchers use systematic observation, which is a basic method of science in which the natural world, or various events or processes in it, are observed and measured in a… Read More »Research Methods in Psychology

Psychology as Scientific Method

Psychology as Scientific Method The scientific Method: Its Basic Nature According to many people, the term science conjures up the images of white-coated people working in laboratories or hospitals, due to which people conclude that word Science applies only to the fields such as chemistry, physics, or biology. Although, this term refers simply to as special approach for acquiring knowledge- an approach involving the use of several key values or standards. We human beings are part of the natural world, and thus the scientific method can certainly be applied to the study of our behavior and cognition. It is the adoption of scientific method that makes psychology a science- and that makes the information it acquires so valuable. The actual procedure used by psychologists in applying the scientific method is: A) Accuracy: Collection and assessment… Read More »Psychology as Scientific Method

Schools of Psychology

Schools of psychology Psychology when developed as a Science and got parted from biology and philosophy, the discussion over how to describe and explain the human mind and behavior began. The different schools of psychology signify the chief theories within psychology. The following are some of the major schools of thought that have swayed one’s knowledge and understanding of psychology. Structuralism and Functionalism: Early schools of thought Structuralism was considered the first school of thought in psychology. It concentrates on breaking down the cognitive processes into the most basic components. Major theorists who contributed in the field of structuralism were Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Titchener. Introspection was the technique used by structuralists to examine the inner processes of the human mind.  Functionalism focused as a reaction to the theories of structuralism’s school of thought and… Read More »Schools of Psychology

Introduction to Psychology

Introduction to psychology According to American Psychological Association, Psychology is the scientific study of human mind and behavior. It seeks to understand, explain and how people think, perform and feel. Psychologists are keenly involved in studying and comprehending mental processes, brain functions, and behavior. The APA adds that it “embraces all facets of the individual experience, from the functions of the brain to the action of body, from birth till death. As it is well known that mind is highly complex, and conditions that relate to it can be tough to treat. History of Psychology  In a philosophical context, Psychology was founded thousands of years ago in Greece, Egypt, India, Persia and China. In 1879, Wilhelm Wundt in Leipzig, Germany founded the first laboratory of psychology and carried out psychological research. Because of this reason… Read More »Introduction to Psychology